A bunion is described as a bony protrusion that forms on the side of the big toe. Many patients experience pain and discomfort from this ailment, and it may gradually worsen. It can happen as a result of genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. The muscles can become weakened, and it is beneficial to perform specific foot stretches that may help to strengthen the affected area and overall foot. A foot scrunch helps to improve dexterity when performed regularly. This is done by placing a towel on the floor, and lifting it up with your foot. Toe yoga helps to improve mobility in the toes, which may positively affect general balance in the body. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can offer you additional exercise and treatment options that are right for you.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in New York, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Bunions