A sprain is an injury to a ligament. A ligament is a band of tissue that connect two or more bones to form a joint. The ankle is a complex joint structure that is held together by several ligaments. If any are torn or stretched beyond their natural limits, the injury is called a sprain. The severity of an ankle sprain depends on the amount of tearing and whether the ankle can bear weight. Grade 1 sprains are mild stretching of the ligament. Grade 2 is a partial tear with little or no joint instability. A Grade 3 sprain is a complete rupture of the ligament, along with full joint instability. Most sprains occur on the outside of the ankle joint. The foot can roll over by stepping into a hole or missing a curb thus causing the ligament to stretch too far. Sprains are also common in sports activities when running or changing directions quickly occur. Treating even a mild ankle sprain is essential because you run the risk of reinjuring the ankle and developing chronic problems when left untreated. If you have sustained an ankle injury, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible for evaluation and treatment.
Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Ernest Levi, DPM from Grand Central Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in New York, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.