A bunion is defined as a bony protrusion that is found on the side of the big toe, which may shift toward the other toes as it becomes larger. Corns may form on the side of the bunion from rubbing against the shoe, and this is often uncomfortable. Patients may choose to have bunion surgery, which is generally successful in removing the bunion, and straightening the big toe. A cast is often worn that can stabilize the foot, and existing pain and swelling will gradually diminish in approximately six weeks. Research has shown that adequate rest may accelerate healing, and many people choose to take time off from work. The foot may become stronger when specific exercises are performed, in addition to improving flexibility and range of motion. If you have a bunion and are considering surgery for permanent removal, please consult with a podiatrist who can determine if this is correct for you.
When Is Surgery Necessary?
Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:
- Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
- Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
- Cosmetic reconstruction
What Types of Surgery Are There?
The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:
- Bunionectomy for painful bunions
- Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
- Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage
Benefits of Surgery
Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.
Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in New York, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.